syafeerul: matte black

see previous post..

at this point i’m leaning towards matte black. why? i can’t really explain.. here’s some pics for you to see why..


Ferrari F50

Mirage GT

Impreza STi Version 10 Cosworth CS400

Impreza STi Spec C Version 9

Impreza STi Version 8

syafeerul: black or white?

its a simple question: black or white?


should it be in black?

or should it be in white?





maybe it could be



the hunt continues to search for the best color that suits my eyes.. fury will have the new look soon.
ote: none of the above are my cars.. pasted from various places on the net.  but the question is still to be answered..

GM audio engineer lists Top 10 songs to test your car’s stereo

Hotel California? Bird on a Wire?

Test driving the sound system when you’re car shopping can be as key to your long-term satisfaction as checking out the handling. So we thought you’d like to see this list of Top 10 songs for testing car audio quality from General Motors audio engineer Matt Kirsch, who led the sound work on the Chevrolet Cruze.

GM also posted the tracks as a mix at the iTunes store: If you want it for your own audio test driving, you can buy here for $12 (you gotta have iTunes to download it, of course).

Here are Kirsch’s “10 Songs for an Audio Test Drive” and what he says to listen for in each track:

  1. “Don’t Know Why” by Norah Jones. Listen for Norah’s voice to sound natural, and centered in front of you.
  2. “Diamonds and Rust” by Joan Baez. Listen for strong vocals, and for the instruments to be set across a wide sound stage
  3. “No One” by Alicia Keys. Listen for clarity in Alicia’s vocals and spacious background sound.
  4. “Hotel California” by the Eagles. Listen for the clarity and dynamic range during the opening guitar solo, and of course the powerful drum beat.
  5. “Boom Boom Pow”by the Black Eyed Peas. Listen for powerful, accurate bass beats, even at full volume.
  6. “Rock that Body”by the Black Eyed Peas. Listen clear, intelligible lyrics over the powerful, persistent bass beat.
  7. “Hide and Seek”by Imogen Heap. Listen for the enveloping ambience of the song, building on the openness and dynamic vocals.
  8. “He Mele No Lilo” by Mark Keali’i Ho’omalu from Lilo and Stitch.Listen for the ambience and staging as the children’s chorus is offset by powerful bass.
  9. “Bird on a Wire” by Johnny Cash. Listen for the clarity in Johnny’s distinctive voice, and his guitar to sound natural and free of any coloration.
  10. “Packt Like Sardines in a Crushd Tin Box”by Radiohead. Listen for the punch from the percussive bass, and the ring of the steel drums.

gotta download and burn this songs on cd and test them in night fury. though there’s no fancy ICE, just wanna know how she fared.. article from DriveOn of USAToday.

McLaren one-two as Red Bulls tangle in Turkey

When McLaren’s Lewis Hamilton broke his duck in 2010 he did so in dramatic style, in a Turkish Grand Prix that at one stage seemed destined to yield Red Bull yet another one-two.

Red Bull’s Mark Webber led off the line as team mate Sebastian Vettel boiled through to push slow-starting Hamilton down to third and Mercedes GP’s Michael Schumacher edged ahead of McLaren’s Jenson Button for fourth. Both McLaren drivers made up a place on that opening tour, however, and until the pit stops Hamilton put Webber under huge pressure.

Then a slight delay for the Englishman, with his right-rear tyre, dropped him to third behind Webber and Vettel, with Button a watchful fourth, and until Lap 40 that was how they ran, nose to tail, each awaiting a mistake from the others. No one else was in the race.

But on Lap 41 Vettel got a run on Webber on the inside going down to Turn 12, and had drawn alongside, but as he tried to move to the right to gain the entry line his right rear wheel clipped Webber’s left front. Suddenly Vettel was spinning wildly down the road and into retirement with a punctured right-rear tyre, and as Webber was forced to run wide the two McLarens picked their way gleefully through the debris to snatch the leading positions.

Webber and Vettel each squarely blamed the other for the accident, which left Red Bull technical guru Adrian Newey with his head in his hands.

It seemed the McLaren duo had been handed the race on a plate but the drama wasn’t over. There was a small amount of rain, but around this time the McLaren drivers were also told to conserve fuel. Button sliced into Hamilton’s lead and got a similar run on him going into Turn 12 on Lap 48. But he was on the outside, and as Hamilton hung tough on the inside they went side by side through that corner. And 13. And 14.

Across the finish line they were officially separated by 0.0s, and Button was credited with the lead, but Hamilton wasn’t done yet and they touched wheels lightly as he pushed back through into first place going into Turn One. It was fabulous stuff, and thereafter he was able to open the gap up again to score a timely victory as both he and Button eased off to save fuel.

Button seemed happy enough with second, while Webber was so far ahead of Michael Schumacher’s Mercedes that he was able to pit for a new nose and front wing on Lap 42 and still finish on the podium.

As a result he still leads the world championship with 93 points to Button’s 88 and Hamilton’s 84, while Ferrari’s Fernando Alonso is fourth on 79 from Vettel on 78.

Neither Mercedes had the pace to challenge Red Bull or McLaren, but they were much faster than the Ferraris which were having their 800th race. Schumacher was fourth, with team mate Nico Rosberg closing in as the track got greasy, to finish fifth ahead of Renault’s Robert Kubica and Ferrari’s Felipe Massa who had a race-long battle for sixth.

Alonso was stuck for a long time behind an impressive Vitaly Petrov in the second Renault, but took the place after they brushed wheels at the start of Lap 54. That gave the Renault driver a puncture, which dropped him to 15th after a great performance that ultimately gave him only fastest lap on fresh tyres.

The final points went to Adrian Sutil for Force India from Kamui Kobayashi, who beat BMW Sauber team mate Pedro de la Rosa to the line by two-tenths of a second. They did not collide.

Behind them, Jaime Alguersuari brought his Toro Rosso home 12th, having twice set fastest lap after a late pit stop on Lap 41, Vitantonio Liuzzi’s Force India was 13th, then Rubens Barrichello was 14th for Williams after catching and passing team mate Nico Hulkenberg, who’d been forced into a pit stop on the opening lap after a brush with Sebastien Buemi who also needed a new right-rear tyre. He was 16th behind Petrov.

The Virgins won the new team prize, with Timo Glock 18th behind Hulkenberg after both Lotuses had retired, and Lucas di Grassi was 19th. Bruno Senna had a great fight with his fellow countryman, but neither he nor team mate Karun Chandhok were running at the finish.

The controversial yet gripping race moves McLaren back ahead of Red Bull in the constructors’ championship, with 172 points to 171, with Ferrari third on 146 and Mercedes fourth on 100. Renault have 73.

great race at Turkish 2010 GP. Red Bulls would’ve won the race but some young blood arrogance came rushing in costing them the race. im happy enough to see schumi raced well to the end and finished fourth. ferraris however failed to perform well here. hopefully they’d come better in the next race. article from Formula 1 Official Web Site.

Race – Webber and Red Bull hit Monaco jackpot

Race winner Mark Webber (AUS) Red Bull Racing on the podium.     Formula One World Championship, Rd 6, Race, Monaco Grand Prix,    Monte-Carlo, Monaco, Sunday, 16 May 2010

Red Bull’s Mark Webber underwent trial by safety car in Monte Carlo on Sunday afternoon, but kept his cool throughout four interventions, the last of which was after a late tangle at Rascasse between backmarkers Jarno Trulli and Karun Chandhok which happened right in front of his Red Bull.

Race winner Mark Webber (AUS) Red Bull Racing RB6 leads the final    lap behind the Safety Car.  Formula One World Championship, Rd 6, Race,   Monaco Grand Prix,  Monte-Carlo, Monaco, Sunday, 16 May 2010That brought out Bernd Maylander and the Mercedes for the last time, the previous three occasions involving two heavy crashes by Williams drivers Nico Hulkenberg and Rubens Barrichello. On all of those occasions Webber had calmly opened up the gap again over team mate Sebastian Vettel, who had beaten front-row starter Robert Kubica off the line at the start and then trailed Webber throughout.

It was far from a gripping race, with only the accidents providing relief from total Red Bull domination as Kubica drove his heart out to keep them honest but was unable to challenge.

It was the first time an Australian had won in the Principality since Sir Jack Brabham did so for Cooper in 1959, and puts Webber into the lead of the world championship, level with Vettel on 78 points.

Behind the valiant Kubica, Felipe Massa held Lewis Hamilton at bay as Fernando Alonso fought his way up from last place after a pit lane start.

Nico Hulkenberg (GER) Williams FW32 has a damaged front wing at the        start of the race shortly before he crashed heavily later in the     lap.    Formula One World Championship, Rd 6, Race, Monaco Grand  Prix,       Monte-Carlo, Monaco, Sunday, 16 May 2010The first safety car came out on the opening lap after Hulkenberg crashed heavily in the tunnel after a front wing component failed. Then team mate Barrichello also shunted hard going up the hill to Massenet on the 31st lap due to a rear-end failure. That brought out the second safety car, and another came on the 43rd lap as a loose drain cover was noted in the vicinity. When Barrichello discarded his shattered car’s steering wheel, an HRT ran it over.

As the safety car pulled in at the end of the 78th after its final appearance, and on the race’s final lap all that remained was for the drivers to cross the line again, but an opportunistic Schumacher dived ahead of Alonso, demoting him to seventh place. That move was subsequently deemed illegal by the stewards, who added 20s to the German’s race time in lieu of a drive-through penalty, dropping him to 12th.

Schumacher’s Mercedes team mate Nico Rosberg was thus seventh, and behind him Adrian Sutil and Tonio Liuzzi made it a good day for Force India with eighth and ninth places. Toro Rosso’s Sebastien Buemi Buemi inherited the final point for tenth after Schumacher’s penalty and team mate Jaime Alguersuari was the only other finisher.Jenson Button (GBR) McLaren MP4/25 with a smoking engine. Formula   One World Championship, Rd 6, Race, Monaco Grand Prix, Monte-Carlo,   Monaco, Sunday, 16 May 2010

Besides Chandhok and Trulli, who crashed on the race’s 74th lap, the other non-finishers were Heikki Kovalainen and Bruno Senna, who quit on the 60th with mechanical failures, and Renault’s Vitaly Petrov who called it a day with five laps to go with after a troubled race following an early puncture. It wasn’t a great day for McLaren, with Jenson Button losing ground at the start and becoming the second retirement with suspected engine failure on the third lap. Mechanical problems also accounted for the Virgins of Timo Glock and Lucas di Grassi, and the BMW Saubers of Pedro de la Rosa and Kamui Kobayashi.

After Schumacher’s demotion, Alonso leaves Monaco third overall in the driver standings with 75 points, then come Button on 70 from Massa on 61, Kubica and Hamilton on 59 and Rosberg on 56.

For the first time this season Red Bull also lead the constructors’ world championship, with 156 points, Ferrari on 136, McLaren on 129, Mercedes on 78 and Renault on 65.

as much as i have expected.. this season have been a great one so far. schumi’s presence pushes these boys to ride better from race to race. red bull are flying high now. ferrari is doing ok despite having some setbacks. so did mclaren and others. only those newcomers needed more experience. i bet they’d be better soon. congrats vettel on ur win. but i still do have faith in alonso and schumacher. article from Formula 1 website.

Loeb secures sixth title in a row

Sebastien Loeb claimed a record sixth successive world rally title with victory at the Rally GB in Wales. The Frenchman won the title by a single point from Finland’s Mikko Hirvonen, who led Loeb by one point going into the race but could only finish second. “I’m really happy for this one because Mikko is strong,” Citroen driver Loeb told World Rally Championship radio. “A sixth title is awesome. It’s been a season of highs and lows – it’s a huge moment.

The battle was so intense.” Loeb won seven of the 12 rounds during the season, and the Rally GB victory was the 54th race win of his career. The 35-year-old won by 66 seconds on Sunday but was helped enormously when Hirvonen suffered a mishap on the third of the day’s four stages. Having pegged back the Frenchman’s overnight lead from 30 to 18 seconds, the Finn was forced to stop when his bonnet flipped up, costing him a minute. Ford driver Hirvonen said: “It was definitely the best year I’ve ever had but a big disappointment in the end. I need to go back to work and try to find more speed for next year.”

Loeb’s Citroen Total team-mate Dani Sordo finished third, taking the final step on the podium in Wales and securing third place in the 2009 drivers’ championship. Britain’s Matthew Wilson was sixth and finished the season seventh overall.

Rally of Great Britain result:

  1. Sebastien Loeb (France) Citroen 3hrs 16mins 25.400secs
  2. Mikko Hirvonen (Finland) Ford +01:06.100
  3. Daniel Sordo (Spain) Citroen 01:07.100
  4. Petter Solberg (Norway) Citroen 01:28.100
  5. Henning Solberg (Norway) Ford 06:28.000
  6. Matthew Wilson (Britain) Ford 07:46.000
  7. Jari-Matti Latvala (Finland) Ford 12:11.900
  8. Conrad Rautenbach (Zimbabwe) Citroen 14:27.800

Final World Championship standings:

  1. Sebastien Loeb (France) 93 points
  2. Mikko Hirvonen (Finland) 92
  3. Daniel Sordo (Spain) 64
  4. Jari-Matti Latvala (Finland) 41
  5. Petter Solberg (Norway) 35
  6. Henning Solberg (Norway) 33
  7. Matthew Wilson (Britain) 28

Final Constructor standings:

  1. Citroen Total WRT 167 points
  2. BP-Ford Abu-Dhabi WRT 140
  3. Stobart VK M-Sport Ford WRT 80
  4. Citroen Junior Team 47
  5. Munchi’s Ford WRT 23

congrats sebastian loeb. best rally driver for the past few years. unchallenged. but where’s subaru? i can’t see impreza anywhere on the list. hopefully they’ll be back next season with better car and better drivers. article from BBC Sport.

McLaren keeping their distance from impatient Jenson Button

Jenson Button’s growing impatience to secure a better pay deal with Brawn GP became clear yesterday with the new Formula One world champion’s adviser hinting darkly that the British driver may look to another team. That has fuelled speculation that he could switch to McLaren, though Lewis Hamilton’s team appear unlikely to sign Button. Button is seeking a £5m pay rise to £8m after taking a pay cut to ensure the future of Brawn after Honda pulled out of Formula One before the start of the campaign. Brawn, however, have yet to offer Button new terms. His manager, Richard Goddard, said: “Brawn could have sorted Jenson out weeks ago and none of this would be going on. We’ve been trying to agree terms with them. He’s made it clear he wants to stay and, had they agreed a contract, there would be no speculation. People will speculate that anyone with a free seat next year will be offering Jenson a drive. That speculation won’t die until Brawn offer him new terms. “He has displayed his great talent in a good car this year. A lot of quality seats may still be available, so it’s down to Brawn to make us an offer.”

The Formula One commercial rights holder, Bernie Ecclestone, also seemed to display some impatience with Brawn as he commented on the situation. “They are being a little bit arrogant considering how long they have been in Formula One,” Ecclestone said. “They should remember they have only been in the sport 10 minutes, really.” Mercedes-Benz, McLaren’s engine partner, was quick to distance itself from any link with Button, however. The car maker’s director of motor sport, Norbert Haug, said: “There are no current negotiations with Jenson Button but I do understand that people in England are dreaming of an English team with two world champions in the cockpits. However, dreams don’t always come true.”

the race this season isn’t over yet and button already showed how greedy he is. just one season on top, he wants it all now. why not just ask for a reasonable increment and showed better performance next season. then u can talk more money.. article from

Todt elected FIA president

Frenchman wins vote to succeed Max Mosley

Former Ferrari team principal Jean Todt has been elected president of the International Automobile Federation (FIA).

The Frenchman beat his only rival, Ari Vatanen, in a secret vote of FIA’s general assembly in Paris on Friday. He will succeed Max Mosley as the head of world motorsport’s governing body following the Briton’s decision to stand down after 16 years in the job. Todt, who had been a strong favourite after receiving the backing of Mosley and Formula One chief Bernie Ecclestone, gained 135 votes compared with Vatanen’s 49. There were 12 abstentions/invalid votes.

Vatanen, a former world rally champion from Finland, had fought his campaign on a ticket for change and broader democracy within world motorsport. But Todt, riding on the success of his glory years with Michael Schumacher at Ferrari, enjoyed establishment support and ended up with a crushing victory. The 53-year-old’s immediate focus will be on restoring the reputation of F1, motorsport’s marquee brand, in the wake of a difficult period.


The McLaren spying scandal, which resulted in the team being fined $100m and excluded from the 2007 constructors’ championship, was followed by revelations that Nelson Piquet Jr, acting on Renault team orders, had deliberately crashed during the 2008 Singapore Grand Prix to pave the way for team-mate Fernando Alonso’s victory. Flavio Briatore, Renault’s team boss at the time, was handed a lifetime ban from FIA-sanctioned events, while Pat Symonds – the chief engineer – received a five-year sanction. The global economic recession also caused problems with Honda and BMW both withdrawing their F1 teams. Mosley’s enduring legacy is likely to be the cost-cutting deal he made with the Formula One Teams’ Association (FOTA) during his final months in the job, an agreement he believed necessary to secure F1’s long-term future. The Englishman had previously resisted calls to resign last year after tabloid newspaper revelations about his private life. He survived a vote at an Extraordinary General Meeting of the FIA and went on to win £60,000 damages from the News of the World for invasion of privacy.

congratulations Jean Todt. i do believe that he’s the right guy for this position. lets hope the FIA becomes better after this. more interesting F1 and please give more promotion to WRC! would love to see those big turbocharged cars back in action. apart from citroen, ford and subaru, i’d love to see more from mitsubishi, audi and maybe other makers. article from Sky Sports.



Brawn GP secured the 2009 FIA Formula One Constructors’ Championship at the Brazilian Grand Prix in Interlagos today with Jenson Button driving a superb race from 14th position on the grid to a fifth place finish to wrap up the Drivers’ Championship with one race of the season to go.

Team-mate Rubens Barrichello started his home race from pole position after an excellent performance in Saturday’s rain-delayed qualifying session but finished in eighth position after a late puncture forced an unscheduled trip to the pits and dropped him back to eighth place.

Brawn GP secured the Constructors’ Championship with 161 points with Jenson winning the Drivers’ Championship with 89 points and Rubens in third position with 72 points with the final race of the season in Abu Dhabi to take place on 1 November.


Driver: Jenson Button
Car No. : 22
Chassis No. : BGP 001-02
Race Result: P5
Fastest Lap: 01:14.353

Driver: Rubens Barrichello
Car No. : 23
Chassis No. : BGP 001-03
Race Result: P8
Fastest Lap: 01:13.950

Weather: Dry and warm
Air Temperatures: 24-28°C
Track Temperatures: 30-42°C

“Today was the best race that I’ve driven in my career and I’m really going to enjoy this moment. For the team to win the Constructors’ and the Drivers Championships here is just fantastic and they deserve it so very much after all the difficult times that we all went through over the winter. This season has been a rollercoaster ride from the elation of the wins at the start to the hard graft in the second half of the season which has seen us grind out the results needed to take the titles. We have to say a huge thank you to Norbert Haug and Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines for all of the support that they have given us over the year. Without their commitment and faith in the team, and the fantastic engine that they have provided, we would not have been able to achieve the success that we have today. The list of people that I have to thank personally is too long to mention but they all know who they are and how much their support has meant to me over the years. To everyone back at the factory in Brackley, thank you for all of your hard work and for producing such a fantastic car. It’s going to take a while to sink in but for now I’m just reveling in the achievement of a lifelong dream. It’s going to be one hell of a party tonight!”

“Whilst I am obviously disappointed with the result today, I have to be pleased with our year at Brawn GP. We really have a great car and a great team and it has truly been an amazing year when you consider the situation that we were in just before the start of the season. I’m truly pleased for Jenson as a friend and he is a great champion. We have a fantastic relationship working together and that has really shown through this year. Well done to him. It was a true fight and I fought really hard but he really won it in the first half of the season. The team have been superb this year and they thoroughly deserve to win both the Constructors’ and Drivers’ Championships today. We’re going to have a great night together and I’m pleased to have played my part in securing the Constructors’ title for the team.”

“What a day! I am so incredibly proud of the team and our drivers and it’s so very special to have won the Constructors’ and the Drivers’ Championships in our first year as Brawn GP. The second half of the year has been tough after such a successful start but getting the results in the difficult times is what counts in a Championship season. It’s really going to take a while for what we have achieved today to sink in. Jenson is a fantastic racer and he had a great race today, particularly after such a difficult qualifying yesterday. He knew what he had to do and did just that and is a very deserving World Champion. Rubens has made a fantastic contribution to this season without which we could not have won the Constructors’ Championship today. The spirit in which our two drivers have fought for the Championship makes me very proud. They have been a credit to the team and our sport. The work and the commitment that the team showed over the winter and throughout this season really has been sensational. We would like to take this opportunity to say our thanks to Mercedes-Benz who have been a fantastic partner for our team and have integrated incredibly well this season. Their contribution to our success, and the support of McLaren gave us over the winter and at beginning of season, has enabled us to be in the position that we are in today. I hope that everyone at the factory in Brackley and at Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines in Brackley, is very proud of what we have achieved today. I also want to thank everyone who has worked with the team over the years that couldn’t be with us this season as we had to resize the team at the start of the season. My sincere thanks go out to them because they worked so hard and should feel a part of our success.”

congratulations jenson button and brawn gp. what a start u guys had this year… next season is going to be a lot tougher. can’t wait to see ferrari back on podium!Brawn GP Official Site. article from

syafeerul: dream cars

dream car? what does that means to you?

some defines dream car as being the best car out there. but best can still be vague. it could either be performance-wise or looks alone or maybe both. bmw m3, ferrari enzo, bugatti veyron, lamborghini reventon, porsche carrera gt, or perhaps the japan cars like nissan gtr or maybe the us muscle shelby gt500, corvette c6.

others may define this as a car that is best and more realistic to own. the list might start with nissan skyline gtt, subaru impreza, toyota celica, honda civic type-r, mitsubishi evo, audi a4, bmw 320ci, golf gti.

guess im the later kind-of-person. i’d dream for a car that’s more realistic. what’s the point of dreaming if you can’t achieve it eh.. so  i’ve set my aim on this cars. on long term view, i’d love to own a BMW M3. i might be able to buy that in 15-20 years from now. by then would that still be my dream car? maybe a car that’s comparable to that stature. however the short term goals that really matters for now. two cars are currently under my radar. Subaru Impreza WRX version 7/8 and Nissan Silvia S15 Spec R. after considering quite a number of cars, these two tops the list. major factor would be initial buy costs, fuel consumption and maintenance cost. i was considering bmw 3-series, impreza, s15, toyota caldina and few other cars. i must say my list of comparison is quite jumbled up as it consists of sports cars, family wagon, 4wd and luxury ride. my primary concern was handling and performance apart from money aspects.

so here goes the review on both of my dream cars..

Subaru Impreza WRX Version 8 (GDA)

2004 Subaru Impreza WRX wallpaper image


All Imprezas got a facelift and interior enhancements for the 2004 model year, taking cues from the ultra-high performance WRX STi. A drive in an `04 WRX sedan immediately afterwards found it to be much better in the real world, with only slightly less performance and considerably greater comfort.

All 2004 Subaru Impreza models have bolder front styling, with a sculpted hood that emphasizes new complex headlights that peek from behind triangular covers that have circular inboard sections. The upper grille is an upside-down trapezoid, similar to that of the previous model, but it’s now integrated better with a larger lower grille in a flat lower bumper fascia to give a competition-ready look.

The regular WRX engine is unchanged for 2004, and no changes were needed. If the compact horizontally-opposed turbocharged and intercooled 2.0-liter twin cam, 16-valve engine’s 227 horsepower (at 6,000 rpm) and 217 lb-ft of torque (at 4,000 rpm) is overshadowed by the STi’s 300 of each, the regular WRX’s power is much more accessible. It’s strong right from the start, with a very healthy midrange and little fade up near redline.

Turbo lag, even with 13.5 lbs of boost, is nonexistent once revs are over 2500 rpm; throttle response is as immediate as a naturally-aspirated engine’s, and power delivery is very linear. A five-speed manual gearbox is standard, with a four-speed automatic available. The five-speed is the best choice for performance, with less weight and more and more closely-spaced gear ratios, but the engine’s strong torque should make the automatic a functional option for anyone who accepts the realities of today’s commute traffic.

Nissan Silvia S15 Spec R (M)

1999 Nissan S15 Silvia wallpaper image


The S15 is a rear-wheel-drive sports coupe, powered by Nissan’s SR20DET; a 2.0 litre in-line 4 cylinder turbocharged engine with air-to-air intercooler that delivers a power output of 250 horsepower that results in a power-to-weight ration of less than 5Kg/PS. The S15 has a new 6-speed close-ratio gearbox for improved acceleration and features a specially tuned exhaust system characterized by a powerful sound at low engine speeds and a liner increase at high engine speeds.

Steering system stiffness has been increased to provide improved steering feel. The front strut suspension and rear multi-link suspension has been carried over to the S15 Silvia. Strengthening the upper member of the hood structure and adding reinforcements to rear pillars has increased body stiffness.

Braking System: The Nissan Silvia spec-R series is fitted with ventilated front disc brakes with opposed 4-piston calipers, highly responsive ABS and a larger brake booster. Larger brake rotors and a larger brake boosters are also used on Spec-S.

Interior: The driving position has been ergonomically designed to allow quicker execution of driving controls and to provide a seating posture for minimal fatigue during driving. The instrumentation is laid out with a large size tachometer positioned in the center of the cluster. The Spec-R also comes with titanium-look instrument finishers and a 52mm boost pressure gauge is attached to the driver’s side front pillar. (The Spec-S Aero model comes with an oil pressure gauge.)

Triple Safety Concept: The first is information safety for warning the driver of potential danger, the second is control safety for assisting the driver in avoiding potential danger, and the third is impact safety for helping reduce injury in the event of an accident.